Quackwatch has a list of journals and magazines it has spotted publishing uncritical articles on things like the latest eating fads, dubious cures, ‘wonder’ health supplements, or fashionable medical pseudo-science. I’m not surprised to see the ubiquitous Huffington Post make the list.
Project Naptha, a free browser plugin to easily copy text from inside a Web picture. Only works with Google Chrome at present, but…
“Depending on the number of sign-ups, a Firefox version may be released in a few weeks”.
Reportedly works on Web-res pictures and at angles, although I’m guessing that the excellent MS Office OneNote: Insert | Screen Clipping | ‘Copy text’ function might work better on tiny text.
Handy for those occasional screen captured TOCs, journal page scans without OCR, Google Books pages, and also for unfunny cats. Don’t like a LOLcat caption? Just…
“Right-click and you can erase the words from an image, edit the words, or even translate it into a different language”
“In 2013, the SciELO Network of national journal collections covered 16 countries, 15 in Ibero-America [South and Central America] plus South Africa, which as a whole, index around 1,000 journal titles and publish more than 40,000 articles a year…”
“A priority action line of SciELO is internationalization that, among other strategies, includes the gradual adoption of the English language for the communication of research with the aim of expanding its international visibility. All article texts must have at least the title, abstract and keywords in English. … journals are increasingly adopting English as either their only language of communication of journal content or are using a multilingual format together with Spanish or Portuguese.”
This new historical survey may interest some: Open-Access Repositories Worldwide, 2005–2012: past growth, current characteristics, and future possibilities…
“This paper reviews the worldwide growth of open-access (OA) repositories, 2005 to 2012, using data collected by the OpenDOAR project. Initial repository development was focused on North America, Western Europe, and Australasia, particularly the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Australia, followed by Japan. Since 2010, there has been repository growth in East Asia, South America, and Eastern Europe, especially in Taiwan, Brazil, and Poland. During the period, some countries, including France, Italy, and Spain, have maintained steady growth, whereas other countries, notably China and Russia, have experienced limited growth. Globally, repositories are predominantly institutional, multidisciplinary and English-language based. They typically use open-source OAI-compliant software but have immature licensing arrangements. Although the size of repositories is difficult to assess accurately, available data indicate that a small number of large repositories and a large number of small repositories make up the repository landscape.”
I wondered if this also discussed “growth” in terms of “the growth in indexing”. But sadly the article is behind a Wiley paywall (Update: also self-archived). The poor state of repository indexing by Google, and the probable reasons for it, are however addressed in this 2012 paper from the University of Utah: Invisible Institutional Repositories: addressing the low indexing ratios of IRs in Google Scholar.
I’m considering adding the vast archive of the BBC Radio’s uniformly excellent In Our Time round-table discussions to JURN. However, I’m unsure if these can be accessed by listeners outside of the UK? Can readers of this blog post a comment, please, if they can listen to and download these programmes from outside the UK?
Sadly the BBC uses an undifferented/gibberish URL structure for its per-programme records. Its record page for its latest show on Tristram Shandy, for instance, is at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0418phf But the index of In Our Time could be indexed in a basic way in JURN, via the URL for the A-Z listing pages: http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/features/in-our-time/archive/*/all (where * is a wildcard)
Another group test:
|JURN group test: “Tristram Shandy” reception
April 2014. Searching for free full-text scholarly articles, theses or book chapters variously related to the reception of the famous and seminal book Tristram Shandy. Clicked through on possible results, and briefly evaluated.
|DOAJ||0||Used ‘Article’ search. 0 from zero results.|
|JournalTOCS||0||0 from zero results.|
|Ingenta Connect||0||0 from zero results.|
|Journal Seek||0||0 from zero results.|
|Mendeley||0||Searched ‘Articles’ only, then filtered for Open Access articles only — which produced no relevant results. Then removed the OA filter, which gave one possible result of around 15 — but that proved to be ‘404 not found’.|
|OATD||0||0 from zero results.|
|OAlib||0||OAlib appeared to be nearly totally bamboozled by the inclusion of ‘reception’, only four results of the first 50 being about Tristram Shandy.|
|BASE||1||Searched ‘Verbatim’ on ‘Entire Document’. Examined first 50 results.|
|NDLtd||1||1 of only two results.|
|Microsoft Academic||1||1 of only one result.|
|CORE||2||CORE appeared to be totally bamboozled by the inclusion of ‘reception’, so I tried again with just “Tristram Shandy” + set the filter to just English results.|
|OPENDoar||3||Examined first 50 results.|
|Digital Commons Network||3||From 10 results. Only one hit was strongly relevant.|
|Google Search||4||Using unmodified Internet Explorer 11, not signed in to Google. Forced verbatim. Examined first 50 results. Didn’t count Google Books links.|
|Google Scholar||4||Examined first 50 results. Google Books links not counted. Faux PDF links for hs3esdk.ru and kmvhr3.biz (dubious-looking Project Muse duplicates in Russia, presumably eager to accept your credit card details!) not counted.|
|JURN||14||Checked first 50 results, not counting articles or chapters that mention the book title in passing.|
Overall, all the search engines tested here struggled with this search, though might have done better with additional keywords.
Google Books also struggled somewhat with this test, picking up only three titles with free preview pages. However, it may interest readers to see the full list of titles found by Google Books:
The Reception of Tristram Shandy and A Sentimental Journey.
The Critical Reception and Parodies of Tristram Shandy.
Shandymania (actually a thesis).
A Culture of Mimicry: Laurence Sterne, His Readers and the Art of Bodysnatching.
Laurence Sterne in Modernism and Postmodernism.
The Reception of Laurence Sterne in Europe.
Labyrinth of Digressions: Tristram Shandy as Perceived and Influenced by Sterne’s Early Imitators.
Compare this with the following additional book titles which were discovered by Amazon UK:
Adaptations of Laurence Sterne’s Fiction.
Laurence Sterne in France (Continuum Reception Studies).
Sterne: The Critical Heritage.
Yorick and the Critics: Sterne’s Reputation in England, 1760-1868.
Sterne, the Moderns, and the Novel.
The Plagiarism Allegation in English Literature from Butler to Sterne.
WorldCat was able to pick up two additional book titles to add to the above lists, of six titles found in total:
* Turning into Sterne: Viktor Shklovskii and literary reception.
* The Created Self : the reader’s role in eighteenth-century fiction.
The critical reception and parodies of Tristram Shandy.
The reception of Tristram Shandy and A sentimental journey in France, 1760-1800.
Laurence Sterne in France (Continuum Reception Studies).
Reception of Laurence Sterne in Europe.
So Google Books, Amazon UK, and WorldCat proved a useful trio for quick initial location of likely book titles. With the added advantage that some of the titles found by Google Books and Amazon offer free previews of pages or even whole chapters.
Not all is as it seems, however. The seemingly spot-on The Critical Reception and Parodies of Tristram Shandy (1950) appears to be a ‘ghost’ book, being a database record generated by a long-lost 1950 Masters disseration at Columbia University NYC written by Gloria P. Freeman. So no chance of getting that one cheap on Amazon for $2.
In its first 50 results Summon (limited to: Books | in English | Criticism or History) only managed to pick up three suitable titles: Labyrinth of digressions: Tristram Shandy as perceived and influenced by Sterne’s Early imitators; and Turning into Sterne: Viktor Shklovskii and literary reception; and Laurence Sterne in France (Continuum Reception Studies).
The British Library catalogue could only turn up two books in two results, The reception of Tristram Shandy and A sentimental journey in France, 1760-1800 (in its thesis form), and Turning into Sterne : Viktor Shklovskii and literary reception.
Through a concerted effort, hackers gain access to the databases of six publishers that together control access to the majority of subscription-based biomedical journal articles. This group makes copies of every article from every journal [23.6 million articles in total] and releases them into the public domain. Subsets of articles are mirrored in anonymous peer-to-peer networks, creating a decentralized and multiply-redundant repository… we speculate that a disruptive change is more likely to come from a Biblioleaks scenario — a small number of massive breaches, potentially from outside academia — rather than en masse civil disobedience from within academic communities.
Ok, I’m calling the recent big expansion and ‘spring cleaning’ of JURN complete. If anyone wishes to publicise this fact, perhaps to their newsletter readers or social networks or blogs, here’s some news blurb…
News, 25th April 2014: Jurn.org search-tool expands in scope
The open access search tool Jurn.org has just completed a significant expansion, undertaken throughout March/April 2014. Jurn.org had previously only indexed its core collection of over 4,000 arts and humanities ejournals, all open access or otherwise free. The new Jurn.org expansion has now added a large intake of business and law, science, biomedical and ecology related open access ejournals. Also new to Jurn.org are full-text theses at selected academic repositories, with an initial focus on including the bulk of the larger UK research repositories. Jurn.org has been built by hand, and highly curated, over a period of five years. Jurn is non profit and ad-free.
Google has released all its old Google Street View pictures, so we can travel back in time….
We’ve gathered historical imagery from past Street View collections dating back to 2007 to create this digital time capsule of the world. If you see a clock icon in the upper left-hand portion of a Street View image, click on it and move the slider through time and select a thumbnail to see that same place in previous years or seasons. Now with Street View, you can see a landmark’s growth from the ground up, like the Freedom Tower in New York City or the 2014 World Cup Stadium in Fortaleza, Brazil. This new feature can also serve as a digital timeline of recent history, like the reconstruction after the devastating 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Onagawa, Japan. You can even experience different seasons and see what it would be like to cruise Italian roadways in both summer and winter.
The Bing search engine is now offering predictions…
“… teams within Bing have been experimenting with useful ways that we can harness the power of Bing to model outcomes of events. … Today we are bringing these insights directly to our search results pages. Based on a variety of different signals including search queries and social input from Facebook and Twitter, we are unveiling an experiment we’ve built to give you our prediction of the outcome of a given event.”
The front cover of the latest Smithsonian magazine also heralds the Future Studies meme…
Wikimedia Commons now has over 1,000 new public-domain images of paintings from Google Art. Since they’re from ‘Google Maps’-style zoomable tiles, some of the complete images are up to 30,000px in dimension.
PhilPapers is the free index and search tool that comprehensively tracks philosophy papers online (paywall, open, and ‘citations only’). They’re now calling for supporting subscriptions from academic institions, and will restrict feature access for those who don’t subscribe…
“To sustain PhilPapers in the long run, we need financial support for new technical and administrative staff. … the best way forward is a model involving annual subscriptions for large institutions. Starting on 1st July 2014, the PhilPapers Foundation requires that research and teaching institutions offering a B.A. or higher degree in philosophy subscribe to PhilPapers in order to have the right of access to its index. … Access … remains free for individuals accessing PhilPapers from home. Institutions that do not subscribe will have their access limited in various ways.”
Great idea. It’ll be really interesting to see what they restrict, how they do it, and if it actually works.
When mooching around the Web I quite often land on fairly newly minted college and university library guides to online research. Many of these seem to be made by copying and pasting old link lists from their older pages, or are perhaps even copied from other libraries. What’s worrying is that some librarians are obviously not even clicking through on the old links, to check the services are still there. The giveaways are usually the inclusion on a new list of dead sites like Open J-Gate, Scirus, or links to internal DOAJ pages that vanished in the reorganisation at the end of December 2013.
A handy list of the free/open journals included in Highwire.
New A-Z megalist of ecology related journal titles and subject repositories indexed by JURN.
The 6th Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing is to be hosted by UNESCO in Paris, 17th–19th September 2014. The 2013 conference presentations are online free as video and audio.
For the 2014 event it’d be great to hear someone talking frankly about “the spectre at the feast” of open access, by which I mean discoverability by search. Imagine the citation advantage and impact OA could have, if only more people could easily find it.
Spurred by my recent musings on Future Studies, software bots, and ‘predictive intelligence‘, I’ve done a quick survey test by running JURN against other search tools. For the test I picked this search for E. H. Carr’s famous What is History?…
what is history carr
… intending to evaluate the ability to deliver semantic-deductive quasi-predictive search results based only on a very fuzzy ‘possible print title’ + ‘a hint at a possible surname’. A hat-tip to Musings About Librarianship (Aaron Tay) for this search idea.
|JURN group test: what is history carr
April 2014, using unmodified Internet Explorer 11, not signed in to Google.
Searching for free full-text scholarly articles, theses or book chapters related to historian E. H. Carr. Clicked through on results, and evaluated.
|Google Scholar||0||Examined first 50 results. Google Books links were not counted.|
|DOAJ||0||Used ‘Article’ search. The single result was a false positive for “Carr, L. G.”|
|JournalTOCS||0||Only 13 results|
|Ingenta Connect||0||Only 13 results|
|NDLtd||0||Only 7 results. Appears more generally to have a great many “404 Not Found” links.|
|Journal Seek||0||“No results” message was surrounded by Google ads.|
|Mendeley||0||Search ‘Articles’ only, then filtered for Open Access articles only. Mendeley ignored ‘Carr’ totally, and appeared to search only on ‘What’ + ‘History’. Examined first 20 results, 19 of which were science.|
|OATD||0||Looked at first 30 results. The No.1 result Politics at Its Demise: E. H. Carr, 1931-1939 looked promising, but this thesis proved to have been deleted or moved. All other results were way off mark.|
|Microsoft Academic||0||Examined first 50 results. Lots of paywall articles, on or from just about every Carr except A. H. Carr!|
|Digital Commons Network||0||Searched Arts and Humanities portal, then filtered results by ‘History’ facet. Appears to use the same system as OALib, giving many false positives for caricature, carrying and career etc.|
|CORE||1||Search not filtered. Examined first 50 results. Only the first topmost result was good.|
|OAlib||1||Examined first twenty results. Many false positives for caricature, carrying and carry. Switching to ‘Author’ search failed to surface A. H. Carr in first 10 results.|
|BASE||1||Searched ‘Verbatim’ on ‘Entire Document’. Examined first 50 results. Several promising early results proved to be repository records with no link to full-text. From the second page onward there were false positives for history + what and perhaps for carried.|
|OPENDoar||8||Examined first 50 results. Several valid results arose from approaches to understanding Carr in relation to Trotsky, in old leftist journals.|
|Google Search||9||Forced verbatim. Examined first 50 results. Didn’t count erudite blog posts (of which there were about a dozen, inc. a couple with footnote references) or Google Books links. Five of the nine counted results were sorry-looking unofficial scans of the famous work itself.|
|JURN||11||Checked first 50 results. First page of results has seven relevant results. Later false positives were nearly all for other academics named Carr.|
CONCLUSION: So JURN is certainly not a magic wand for this tricky search, but it is performing much better than other search tools and vastly better than Google Scholar or the DOAJ. The results do especially well in terms of the accuracy of the first seven results, but thereafter they struggle (yet do at least focus mostly on people named Carr). Across all the search tools it was surprising to see so little cross-talk in the results from academic articles and chapters on Star Carr, a very famous archeological site in the UK. I noticed no cross-talk at all from the history of cars (vehicles) despite my lack of capitalisation on carr.
DATA: The relevant results list from JURN is…
1. Alun Munslow, Book review of E.H. Carr: A Critical Appraisal, History in Focus, Autumn 2001 (Institute of Historical Research at the University of London)
2. Alun Munslow, Review of What is History?, Reviews in History, November 1997.
3. Unofficial scan from What is History?.
4. Richard J. Evans, The Two Faces of E.H. Carr, History in Focus, Autumn 2001 (Institute of Historical Research at the University of London) (Based on his introduction to a new Palgrave edition of What is History?)
5. Table of Contents for the special What is History? edition of History in Focus, Autumn 2001 (Institute of Historical Research at the University of London)
6. Micheal Cox, Will the real E. H. Carr please stand up?, International Affairs, 75, 3 (1999). (Review of The Vices of Integrity, E. H. Carr, 1892-1982).
7. David Freeland Duke, Edward Hallett Carr: Historical Realism and the Liberal Tradition, Past Imperfect, Vol.2, 1993.
14. De Lamar Jensen, What is History? Edward Hallett Carr, Brigham Young University Studies, Vol.5, No.2 (1964).
26. Philosophy of History article in Internet Encyclopedia of Philisophy. (Mentions Carr in passing)
27. Ann Talbot, Chance and necessity in history : E.H. Carr and Leon Trotsky compared, Historical Social Research, 34 (2009).
28. Political Realism in International Relations article in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (Carr has his own section in this, “E. H. Carr’s Challenge of Utopian Idealism”)
Why no Open J-Gate in this group test? It died years ago. Scirus also died more recently, at the start of 2014. Google News was tested, but for this search it proved to be useless at this moment in time — although it can sometimes be surprisingly useful.
The Good Judgment Project is a four year study organized as part of a government-sponsored forecasting tournament. It is currently moving its 3,000 signed-up citizen ‘future forecasters’ toward the close of its season three, in which…
Thousands of people around the world predict global events. Their collective forecasts are surprisingly accurate.
They have to do a whole load of research of course, it’s not fortune-telling. Hope they know about JURN. They tend to work in teams of about twelve, but the delightfully named Dart-Throwing Chimp is one of those leading the pack. He…
would have qualified for ‘superforecaster’ status in Season 3 had he not joined our research team [to help craft better questions]
The background to this is the broad failure of intelligence-led prediction based on closed information, a topic that can be explored in an accessible manner by listening to the 90-minute Long Now Foundation talk “Why Foxes Are Better Forecasters Than Hedgehogs”.
The Good Judgment Project seems to suggest the best results may come from finding ways to reliably blend the aggregated ‘wisdom of the crowd’ + human-curated Big Data computer models + autonomous bots + time-served human experts. I predict that the area of practical ‘predictive intelligence’ is one that the average researcher is going to be hearing a lot more about over the coming years.
And it might be a field for the Arts and Humanities to pitch a tent in, re: the abilities of creative industries in cultural trend spotting and meme tracking, our advanced ethical tools, the skill-sets of digital humanists, the abundant lessons to be distilled from history, the insights of ethnography and suchlike.
Walt Crawford fisks the John Bohannon open access sting and its later reporting, in the May 2014 Cites & Insights.